Technology stack for web application development
What technologies are still on the top in 2020? Let’s see what tools are the best to work with:
Angular and MEAN stack
Angular for web development
We first heard about AngularJS in 2010. Six years later, in 2016, a complete rewrite of the framework called Angular 2 appeared. The latest stable version was released in spring 2019: it’s Angular 8.
Angular is a Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework. Three separate components enable you to write well-structured and easy-to-support code. Two-way data binding is beneficial for simple applications — any changes to the model will immediately be implemented to the view and vice versa. However, if you are working on a complex project, one-way data binding will save you time and resources.
To make the most of Angular, you will have to use Typescript. You also have to keep in mind that the framework works with regular DOM only, causing some limitations.
MEAN stack is one of the most popular ones out there. It includes:
MongoDB - a database
Express.js - a web framework
Angular - a frontend framework
Node.js - backend
React for web development
React beats Angular due to virtual DOM, which enables faster and easier implementation of changes. However, as React is a library and not a framework, which limits core functionality, developers are forced to work with third-party services.
Vue.js for web development
Vue.js is a younger JS framework, but it has shown incredible popularity growth over the last few years. This is partially due to the fact that it is a lightweight solution. When compared to a monolith like Angular, it offers basic functionality out-of-the-box. Using third-party services, this functionality is extended. As a result, there is no need to process redundant code, as you must do with Angular.
Flutter for web
Flutter for web development
Earlier, we’ve mentioned the multi-experience trend for 2020 and its potential. You may wonder how to build an app that looks great on any screen of any device. So here the hero comes: Flutter development toolkit allows building a great user interface for any screen.
In autumn 2019, Google announced that Flutter for web is available. We have waited for this since 2017, when a promising technology was announced for the very first time.
Flutter for web is a great solution for many cases. Flutter helps to transform an existing mobile web into a solution that will be able to run on a variety of devices.
What about technologies for backend?
Usually, it is difficult to choose between custom backend development and backend-as-a-service. Both options have their pros and cons, and the choice depends on the needs of the project. We won’t go into detail right now since there is already an article comparing mBaaS and custom backend — check it out to read more on the topic. Here we’ll take a look at the most popular solutions for the custom backend.
Node.js for web development
Django for web development
Django is a Python web framework. It can be used with basically any frontend framework (including the ones described above). It is also a good solution for any type of website due to a number of third-party packages available. With Python’s rising popularity, it is worth considering Django for the backend of your web app.
Laravel for web development
PHP is a widely used backend programming language and Laravel is one of its most popular frameworks.
Laravel works excellently with Vue.js. However, Angular and React are also a good match for web app development with Laravel.